Surah al-Kauthar – an Amazing Insight

إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الأبْتَرُ

Truly We have given you the Great Abundance. So pray to your Lord and sacrifice. It is the one who hates you who is cut off.

(al-Kauthar: 1 – 3)

Know that there are subtleties in this Surah, one of them being that this Surah complements the one preceding it. This is because in that Surah Allah (swt) described the hypocrite with four characteristics.

Firstly, miserliness. And this is intended in His Words:

{ يَدُعُّ ٱلْيَتِيمَ وَلاَ يَحُضُّ عَلَىٰ طَعَامِ ٱلْمِسْكِينِ }

The one who harshly rebuffs the orphan and does not urge the feeding of the poor.”
(al-Ma’un: 2 – 3)

Secondly, abandonment of Salah. And this is intended in His Words:


{ ٱلَّذِينَ هُمْ عَن صَلَـٰتِهِمْ سَاهُونَ }

Those who are heedless of their prayers.”
(al-Ma’un: 5)

Thirdly, wanting to be seen while in Salah. And this is intended in His Words:

{ ٱلَّذِينَ هُمْ يُرَاءونَ }

Those who show off.”
(al-Ma’un: 6)

Fourthly, refusal to pay Zakah. And this is intended in His Words:

{ وَيَمْنَعُونَ ٱلْمَاعُونَ }

And deny help to others.” (al-Ma’un: 7)

So He mentioned in this Surah (i.e. al-Kawthar) four characteristics in comparison to these four.

In comparison to miserliness He mentioned:

{ إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَـٰكَ ٱلْكَوْثَرَ }

Truly We have given you the Great Abundance.”

Meaning: We have given you plenty, so give much and do not be miserly.

In comparison to abandonment of Salah He mentioned:

{ فَصَلِّ }

So pray.”

Meaning: be steadfast on Salah.

In comparison to wanting to be seen while in Salah He mentioned:

{ لِرَبّكِ }

To your Lord.”

Meaning: perform Salah for the pleasure of your Lord, not to be seen by people.

In comparison to refusal to pay Zakah He mentioned:

{ وَٱنْحَرْ }

And sacrifice.”

He intended by it the giving in charity of the meat of the sacrifice. So take note of this amazing connection.

Then He concluded the Surah by saying:

{ إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ ٱلأَبْتَرُ }

It is the one who hates you who is cut off.”

Meaning that the hypocrite who does those ugly deeds mentioned in that Surah will die without leaving behind any trace; but as for you, there will remain for you in this world a beautiful reputation, and in the Hereafter an abundant reward.

(Adapted from Tafsir al-Kabir of Imam Fakhruddin al-Razi)

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2 Responses to Surah al-Kauthar – an Amazing Insight

  1. Khadeejah says:

    as salaamu alaikum

    I thank Allah ta’ala for this read .. it was just what I needed at the moment.. alhamdulilah.

    Jazak Allahu Khair

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