Which of you are the People of Fadl?

وَجَزَاءُ سَيِّئَةٍ سَيِّئَةٌ مِثْلُهَا فَمَنْ عَفَا وَأَصْلَحَ فَأَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ لا
يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ

The repayment of a bad action is one equivalent to it. But if someone pardons and puts things right, his reward is with Allah. Certainly He does not love wrongdoers.

(al-Shura: 42: 40)

Imam al-Qurtubi mentions in his tafsir of this ayah:

وَذَكَرَ أَبُو نُعَيْم الْحَافِظ عَنْ عَلِيّ بْن الْحُسَيْن رَضِيَ اللَّه عَنْهُمْ قَالَ : إِذَا كَانَ يَوْم الْقِيَامَة نَادَى مُنَادٍ أَيّكُمْ أَهْل الْفَضْل ؟ فَيَقُوم نَاس مِنْ النَّاس ; فَيُقَال : اِنْطَلِقُوا إِلَى الْجَنَّة فَتَتَلَقَّاهُمْ الْمَلَائِكَة ; فَيَقُولُونَ إِلَى أَيْنَ ؟ فَيَقُولُونَ إِلَى الْجَنَّة ; قَالُوا قَبْل الْحِسَاب ؟ قَالُوا نَعَمْ قَالُوا مَنْ أَنْتُمْ ؟ قَالُوا أَهْل الْفَضْل ; قَالُوا وَمَا كَانَ فَضْلكُمْ ؟ قَالُوا كُنَّا إِذَا جُهِلَ عَلَيْنَا حَلِمْنَا وَإِذَا ظُلِمْنَا صَبَرْنَا وَإِذَا سِيءَ إِلَيْنَا عَفَوْنَا ; قَالُوا اُدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّة فَنِعْمَ أَجْر الْعَامِلِينَ

The hafiz Abu Nu’aim relates from ‘Ali bin al-Husain, may Allah be pleased with them, who said:

“When the Day of Resurrection comes a caller will call, ‘Which of you are the people of fadl?’ So a group from amongst the people will stand. It will be said, ‘Go to Paradise.’ They will then meet the angels who will ask, ‘To where (are you going)?’ They will reply, ‘To Paradise.’ The angels will ask, ‘Before the Reckoning?’ They will reply, ‘Yes.’ The angels will ask, ‘Who are you?’ They will reply, ‘The people of fadl.’ The angels will ask, ‘And what was your fadl?’ They will reply, ‘When people behaved foolishly towards us we were gentle and forbearing, when we were oppressed or treated unjustly we were patient, and when evil was done to us we pardoned it.’

The angels will say, ‘Enter Paradise – how excellent a reward for those work (and strive)!'”

(al-Jami’ li Ahkam al-Qur’an)

(Fadl means, ‘superiority; precedence, priority’. Also ‘grace, favour, kindness, graciousness, amiability, erudition, culture, refinement’.)
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One Response to Which of you are the People of Fadl?

  1. Ayaah says:

    May we also be of the people of Fadl, Aameen, praise be to our Lord, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, for granting such ease in this beautiful deen.

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