The People of Yemen

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إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ

When the help of Allah comes, and the victory,

وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا

and you see the people entering the deen of Allah in crowds.

(al-Nasr: 1 – 2)

‘Ikrimah and Muqaatil said, “What is meant by people [al-naas] is the people of Yemen.” That is because he met with 700 people from Yemen, who were obedient believers: some of them making adhan, some reciting the Qur’an and others saying, “Laa ilaaha illa Allah.” So the Prophet was glad at that; and ‘Umar and ibn ‘Abbas cried.

And ‘Ikrimah relates from ibn ‘Abbas that the Prophet recited, “When the help of Allah comes and the victory [Idhaa jaa’a nasr Allahi wa al-fath],” and the people of Yemen arrived: their hearts [af-idah] tender, their dispositions gentle, their hearts [quloob] generous, their reverential fear [khashyah] great. So they entered the deen of Allah in crowds.

In Sahih Muslim, on the authority of Abu Hurairah who said, “The Messenger of Allah said, ‘The people of Yemen have come to you. They are the most soft-hearted [ad’af qulooban] and the most gentle-hearted [araqqa af-idatan]. The understanding [al-Fiqh] is Yemeni and the wisdom [al-Hikmah] is Yemeni.'”

And it is related that he said, “Indeed, I find the nafas of your Lord from the direction of Yemen.” There are two interpretations [ta’weelaan] concerning it. One of them is that it is al-faraj (freedom from grief; joy; relaxation; a happy ending); to concur with their becoming Muslims in crowds. And the other is that its meaning is that Allah Most High relieved the Prophet of al-karb (worry, sorrow, grief; anxiety, concern, distress) through the people of Yemen; and they are the Ansaar (helpers).

(al-Jami’ li Ahkam al-Qur’an)

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