The Baabs of the Verb

In the previous posts about using an Arabic dictionary we mentioned that the words فَعَلَ  and  يَفْعَلُ  are used sort of as templates to represent the past and present tense verbs. In those words the ‘ain-kalimah has a fat-ha. However, that need not necessarily be the case. In certain words it could have a kasrah or dommah instead.

This then gives rise to a total of six different combinations in which the vowelling could occur, and these are termed as the ‘Baabs‘ of the verb (baab meaning a category, not a door😉 ). Each baab is represented by a particular word. Other verbs which then have the same vowelling as that particular word are said to belong to that specific baab. Hmmm, I don’t think that explanation was all that clear. :/  But hopefully the diagram in the document below will help you to make sense of it. Note that other texts might use different words to represent the various baabs.

The Baabs of the Verb

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9 Responses to The Baabs of the Verb

  1. the middle road says:

    So for example, the word kataba – yaktubu has the same vowelling as nasara – yansuru, so it is said to belong to that baab.

  2. Al-hayaa says:

    assalaamu aleykum

    ok tmr i need help in this abwaab business.

    how do we know which baab do each verb belongs?

  3. the middle road says:

    Wa alaikum salaam wa rahmatullah

    You have to check what the vowel sign is on the ‘ain-kalimah.

    For example, for the verb عَقَبَ – يَعْقُبُ , the ‘ain-kalimah has a fat-ha in the past tense, and a dommah in present tense. You then check the table of the different baabs and see which one has that same vowelling pattern. You’ll find that it is نَصَرَ – يَنْصُرُ . So the verb ‘aqaba would belong to baab nasara.

  4. Al-hayaa says:

    Oh right I got it now والحمدللله btw tmr there is a 7th baab too? Cos I read 7 of them few days bk.

    جزاك الله خيرًا

  5. the middle road says:

    As far as I know there are only six.

  6. Al-hayaa says:

    This is the seventh I read.

    كَوُدَ يَكُوْدُ كَوْدًا كَادَ (Madmum, Maftuh) فعَلَُ يفَعْلَُ

    ???

  7. Al-hayaa says:

    Sorry, its actually فَعُلَ يَفْعَلُ

  8. Anonymous says:

    How to find out to which “BAAB” a Madhi(past tense) verb belongs to if we do not know what is its Mudhari( future tense) verb?

  9. Admin says:

    In that case, it’s not possible to know. One needs to know both the maadi and mudaari’ in order to find out which baab the verb is on.

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